Many-body Majorana operators and the equivalence of parity sectors

Kells, G. (2015) Many-body Majorana operators and the equivalence of parity sectors. Physical Review B, 92 (8). ISSN 1098-0121

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.92.081401

Abstract

The one-dimensional p-wave topological superconductor model with open-boundary conditions is examined in its topological phase. Using the eigenbasis of the non-interacting system I show that, provided the interactions are local and do not result in a closing of the gap, then even and odd parity sectors are unitarily equivalent. Following on from this, it is possible to define two many-body operators that connect each state in one sector with a degenerate counterpart in the sector with opposite parity. This result applies to all states in the system and therefore establishes, for a long enough wire, that all even-odd eigenpairs remain essentially degenerate in the presence of local interactions. Building on this observation I then set out a full definition of the related many-body Majorana operators and point out that their structure cannot be fully revealed using cross-correlation data obtained from the ground state manifold alone. Although all results are formulated in the context of the 1-dimensional p-wave model, I argue why they should also apply to more realistic realisations (e.g. the multi-channel p-wave wire and proximity coupled models) of topological superconductivity.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: School of Theoretical Physics > Preprints
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2017 19:31
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2018 10:36
URI: http://dair.dias.ie/id/eprint/320

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