On membrane interactions and a three-dimensional analog of Riemann surfaces

Kovacs, Stefano and Sato, Yuki and Shimada, H. (2015) On membrane interactions and a three-dimensional analog of Riemann surfaces. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2016 (2). ISSN 1029-8479

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP02(2016)050

Abstract

Membranes in M-theory are expected to interact via splitting and joining processes. We study these effects in the pp-wave matrix model, in which they are associated with transitions between states in sectors built on vacua with different numbers of membranes. Transition amplitudes between such states receive contributions from BPS instanton configurations interpolating between the different vacua. Various properties of the moduli space of BPS instantons are known, but there are very few known examples of explicit solutions. We present a new approach to the construction of instanton solutions interpolating between states containing arbitrary numbers of membranes, based on a continuum approximation valid for matrices of large size. The proposed scheme uses functions on a two-dimensional space to approximate matrices and it relies on the same ideas behind the matrix regularisation of membrane degrees of freedom in M-theory. We show that the BPS instanton equations have a continuum counterpart which can be mapped to the three-dimensional Laplace equation through a sequence of changes of variables. A description of configurations corresponding to membrane splitting/joining processes can be given in terms of solutions to the Laplace equation in a three-dimensional analog of a Riemann surface, consisting of multiple copies of 3 connected via a generalisation of branch cuts. We discuss various general features of our proposal and we also present explicit analytic solutions.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: School of Theoretical Physics > Preprints
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2017 19:31
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2018 10:45
URI: http://dair.dias.ie/id/eprint/329

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