Large deviations for trapped interacting Brownian particles and paths

Adams, Stefan and Bru, J.-B. and König, W. (2004) Large deviations for trapped interacting Brownian particles and paths. (Preprint)

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We introduce two probabilistic models for N interacting Brownian motions moving in a trap in R d under mutually repellent forces. The two models are defined in terms of transformed path measures on finite time intervals under a trap Hamiltonian and two respective pair-interaction Hamiltonians. The first pair interaction exhibits a particle repellency, while the second one imposes a path repellency. We analyse both models in the limit of diverging time with fixed number N of Brownian motions. In particular, we prove large deviations principles for the normalised occupation measures. The minimisers of the rate functions are related to a certain associated operator, the Hamilton operator for a system of N interacting trapped particles. More precisely, in the particle-repellency model, the minimiser is its ground state, and in the path-repellency model, the minimisers are its ground product-states. In the case of path-repellency, we also discuss the case of a Dirac-type interaction, which is rigorously defined in terms of Brownian intersection local times. We prove a large-deviation result for a discrete variant of the model. This study is a contribution to the search for a mathematical formulation of the quantum system of N trapped interacting bosons as a model for Bose-Einstein condensation, motivated by the success of the famous 1995 experiments. Recently, Lieb et al. described the large-N behaviour of the ground state in terms of the well-known Gross-Pitaevskii formula, involving the scattering length of the pair potential. We prove that the large-N behaviour of the ground product-states is also described by the Gross-Pitaevskii formula, however with the scattering length of the pair potential replaced by its integral.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Large deviations, interacting Brownian motions, occupation measure, energy functionals, Gross-Pitaevskii functional
Divisions: School of Theoretical Physics > Preprints
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2018 13:44
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2022 20:36

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